The Lower Mekong Initiative (LMI) Plan of Action (PoA) is intended to implement the goals and objectives outlined by the Foreign Ministers of Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam, and the Secretary of State of the United States at the Hanoi LMI Ministerial Meeting in October 2010. In July 2012, Myanmar officially joined as the sixth LMI partner nation. This PoA seeks to promote collaboration and connectivity between the five LMI nations over the next six years in a meaningful and mutually beneficial manner to address current and future regional social, technological, and environmental challenges.
Please click here for the complete plan of action or scroll below for the individual pillar plan of action.
Agriculture and Food Security
The LMI countries seek to further collective efforts to improve food security and agriculture sector growth throughout the Mekong region in an environmentally sustainable manner, building on and using best practices. Activities in all areas will be planned and implemented with full consideration of promoting gender equality and female empowerment, and addressing climate change, environmental, health, and nutritional concerns, thereby contributing to the comprehensive integration of these issues into regional food security and agricultural initiatives. The overlap of issues among the LMI Pillars will lead to synergistic collaborations among the various Ministries within each country, and will help to avoid contentious policies that benefit one sector to the detriment of another, adding to ongoing work in the LMI region.
Strengthen capacity within and across the LMI partner countries to support programming under all LMI pillars and to complement existing regional mechanisms, using information technology, training, and donor coordination to accelerate ASEAN integration, achieve sustainable, trans border hard infrastructure objectives.
The LMI countries seek to foster regional education aimed at human resource development cooperation, narrowing economic and social disparities and ensuring economic and social development in the region in a sustainable manner. This can be realized by increasing opportunities for the peoples of lower Mekong, increasing competitiveness of lower Mekong countries in the global market, as well as enhancing the benefits of regional cooperation and integration in an equitable manner. This includes improving knowledge sharing of best practices within the LMI nations in a variety of strategic and technical areas; increasing technical English skills among relevant LMI participants; and enhancing communication between scientists and policy makers across all pillars.
Over the next decade, energy consumption in the Mekong Sub-Region is expected to increase at least 5 percent annually, propelled by overall economic growth. The use of limited and gradually exhausted fossil fuels is not only associated with environmental and health impacts, but the consumption of petroleum and the import dependence also greatly impact national budgets, trade balances, and household incomes. Developing new sources of energy, ensuring access to energy, and enhancing regional interconnectivity are important if countries in the Mekong Sub-Region want to increase their energy security and economic competitiveness.
Environment and Water
Promote dialogue between LMI countries on sound and sustainable environmental management and strengthen capacity within and across LMI partner countries to manage shared water resources, improve water and sanitation access, and develop national and regional capacity to achieve water security and manage increasingly variable water resources while preparing to meet future demands, and link activities, where appropriate, to global and LMI countries’ climate change policy.
LMI countries concur on the importance of health working group activities through the LMI to improve human health and thereby narrow poverty and development gaps. This PoA more clearly defines specific health programmatic goals and areas of cooperation under the LMI, and is based on the outcomes of the meeting in Vietnam in June 2010. Cross border and migrant issues are a particular concern and should be examined under each of the four main areas of activity. Health pillar activities take place along four main areas:
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